Physics Ι

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Title: 
Physics Ι
Course Description: 
Semester: 
1st
Διδάσκων: 
ΕCTS: 
6
Compulsory
Description: 

 

COURCES

OUTLINE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVES

TUTORIAL/LABORATORY TRAINING EXERCISES

1

Standards of Length, Mass, and Time, Matter and Model Building, Density and Atomic Mass, Dimensional Analysis, Conversion of Units, Coordinate Systems, Vector and Scalar Quantities, Some Properties of Vectors, Components of a Vector and Unit Vectors

Problems and  Solving Techniques

2

Coordinate Systems, Position, Velocity, and Speed,  Instantaneous Velocity and Speed, Acceleration, Motion Diagrams, One-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration, Freely Falling Objects, Kinematic Equations Derived from Calculus

Problems and  Solving Techniques

3

The Position, velocity, and acceleration Vectors. Two -Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration. Projectile Motion. Relative Velocity and Relative Acceleration

Problems and  Solving Techniques

4

Relative motion. Lorenz transformations. Uniform Circular Motion. Tangential and Radial Acceleration

Problems and Solving Techniques

5

The concept of force. Newton’s first law and inertial frames. Newton’s second law. The gravitational force and weight. Motion in accelerated frames.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

6

Applications on the Newton’s second law to uniform circular motion. Newton’s third law. Applications on Newton’s laws. Forces of friction.

7

Systems and Environments. Work done by a constant and a varying force. Kinetic energy and the work- kinetic energy theorem. Potential energy of a system. The non isolated system. Conservation of energy.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

8

Kinetic energy and the work-kinetic energy theorem. Conservative and non conservative forces. Changes in mechanical energy for non conservative forces. Relationship between conservative forces and potential energy.

Problems and Solving Techniques

9

Linear momentum and its conservation. Impulse and momentum. Collisions in one dimension. Two-dimensional collisions.

10

Angular position, velocity and acceleration. Rotational kinematics: Rotational motion with constant acceleration. Angular and linear quantities. Rotational kinetic energy. Calculation of moments of inertia.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

11

The vector product and torque. Angular momentum. Angular momentum of a rotating rigid object. Conservation of angular momentum. The motion of gyroscopes and tops. Angular momentum as a fundamental quantity.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

12

Torque. Relationship between torque and angular acceleration. Work, power and energy in rotational motion. Rolling motion of a rigid object. The center of mass. Motion of a system of particles. Rocket propulsion.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

13

Motion of an object attached to a spring. Mathematical representation of simple harmonic motion. Energy of the simple harmonic oscillator. Simple harmonic oscillator and uniform circular motion. The pendulum. Damped and forced oscillations

Problems and  Solving Techniques

14

Fluid mechanics. Variation of pressure with depth. Buoyant forces and Archimedes’s principle. Bernoulli’s equation.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

 

Recommended Reading:

  • The courses are based on the books of:

    • R. Serway, “Physics for scientists and Engineers, Volume 1, Mechanism ”, (Translation to Greek by L.K.Resvanis)
    • Hugh D. Young, “University Physics, Volume 1, Mechanism and Thermodynamics”, (Translation to Greek by a group of University Professors)

    Other useful books:

    • Halliday and Resnick, “Physics, Vol. 1”