Thermodynamics

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Title: 
Thermodynamics
Course ID: 
ΜΗ0105
Course Description: 
Semester: 
3rd
Διδάσκων: 
ΕCTS: 
4.5
Compulsory
Description: 

 

COURCES

OUTLINE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVES

TUTORIAL/LABORATORY TRAINING EXERCISES

1

Basic concepts of Thermodynamics. Thermodynamics and Energy. Closed and open systems. Processes and Cycles. Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics. Pressure.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

2

Introduce the concept of a pure substance. Phases of a pure substance. Phase-change processes of pure substances.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

3

Property diagrams for phase-change processes. The Ideal-Gas equation of state. Other equations of state. Property Tables.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

4

Heat transfer. Energy transfer by work. Mechanical and no-mechanical forms of work. Conservation of mass principle, The First Law of Thermodynamics.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

5

Energy balance for closed systems. Energy balance for steady-flow systems. Some steady-flow engineering devices.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

6

Internal energy. Enthalpy and Specific Heats of Ideal gases, solids and liquids.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

7

Introduction to the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Thermal energy reservoirs. Heat engines. Energy conversion efficiencies.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

8

Refrigerators and Heat pumps. Heat pump systems. Perpetual-motion machines. Reversible and irreversible processes.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

9

Entropy. The increase of Entropy Principle. Entropy change of pure substances. Isentropic processes.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

10

Property diagrams involving entropy. The T- ds relations. Entropy change of Ideal Gases. Liquids and Solids. Reversible steady-flow work. Entropy Balance.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

11

The Carnot cycle. The Carnot principles. The Thermodynamic temperature scale.  The Carnot Heat Engine.  The Carnot Refrigerator and Heat Pump.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

12

Basic considerations in the analysis of power cycles. The Carnot cycle and its value in Engineering,

Problems and  Solving Techniques

13

Overview of reciprocating engines Otto Cycle: The ideal cycle for spark-ignition engines Diesel Cycle: The ideal cycle for compression-ignition engines: Stirling and Ericsson cycles.  Brayton cycle: The ideal cycle for gas-turbine engines.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

14

The Carnot vapor cycle. Rankine cycle: The ideal cycle for vapor power cycles.

Problems and  Solving Techniques

 

Class schedule: 
3-hour lecture, Thursday 3-6 pm plus 1 hour tutoring
Recommended Reading:

 

  • Cengel and Boles M., “Thermodynamics for scientists and engineers” J.M.
  • Smith, H.C. Van Ness, M.M. Abbott, “Introduction to Thermodynamics”
  • Sonntag R., Borgnake C., Van Wylen, “Fundamentals of Thermodynamics”